Material design strategies for secondary raw materials and residues with case examples


Long known earlier generations’ ideas and habits can be utilized during circular economy transition from the times of shortage of materials and products.

Circular economy needs mapping of the uncharted chemical territories


Use of computational methods in process and materials technology has been increasing over several decades with the introduction of new methods following the increasing numeric capacity of computers.

Companies make circular economy happen


Investments in businesses in circular economy solutions is  the most important factor in the realization of circular economy in Finland – consumers are expected to contribute also

Converting waste heat to electricity with better and cheaper thermoelectric materials


With the advancements in technology and increase in population, the consumption of energy will inevitably go up.

Towards More Efficient Hydrometallurgical Processing of Battery Waste


Battery recycling processes are commonly a combination of three different fields of expertise: mechanical, pyrometallurgical and hydrometallurgical unit processes.